Anesthesia is used to block the sensation of pain to provide patients with a surgical experience free of worry or discomfort. The type of anesthesia administered to a patient depends on their medical history, as well as the type of procedure and duration.

Types of Anesthesia

Anesthesia at Meridian HealthLocal anesthesia involves numbing a small area by injecting a local anesthetic under the skin where an incision is to be made, which causes a patient to lose sensation in a very specific area.

Regional anesthesia is used to numb a portion of the body without putting the patient into a state of unconsciousness. Regional anesthesia includes spinal anesthesia and epidural administration, both of which cause a loss of sensation in the lower body.

Conscious sedation is when an anesthesiologist delivers depressant drugs and/or analgesics. The patient feels no pain and does not remember the period of time he or she is under anesthesia. In addition, even though the patient may fall asleep, they can remain conscious enough to respond to any questions or to swallow or cough. Conscious sedation is often used in conjunction with regional anesthesia. A colonoscopy is a common procedure where conscious sedation is used.

General anesthetics produce an unconscious state in which a patient is pain-free, immobile and free from any memory of the period during which he or she is anesthetized. General anesthesia can be delivered as an inhaled gas or as an injected liquid.

Wellness Resources

    • Types of Anesthesia

      Types of Anesthesia and Your Anesthesiologist

      During surgery, you will be given some form of anesthesia, which is medication administered for the relief of pain and sensation during surgery.

      Learn More
    • The Purpose of Having Surgery

      The Purpose of Having Surgery

      Surgery, whether elective or urgent, is done for a multitude of reasons.

      Learn More
    • Your Child in the Recovery Room

      Recovery Room/Post-Anesthesia Care Unit

      In the recovery room, registered nurses, anesthesiologists, and other health care professionals will closely monitor your child as he or she "awakens" from anesthesia.

      Learn More

Related Services

    • Surgery

      Surgical Services

      Working in state-of-the-art operating rooms, the experienced and compassionate surgical teams of Meridian Health include board certified, fellowship trained surgeons, anesthesiologists, and registered nurses.

      Learn More
    • Wound Care

      Wound Care

      If you are one of the millions of Americans who suffer from chronic, non-healing wounds and ulcers, then you know about the pain, restricted activities, and health issues that have a significant impact on your quality of life.

      Learn More
    • Pain Management

      Pain Management

      Meridian Health offers a variety of minimally invasive approaches to help patients with chronic or acute pain.

      Learn More