A lumpectomy involves removing abnormal tissue and a margin of healthy surrounding tissue when a cancer exists in the breast.
This is performed when a tumor, either benign or malignant, is known to exist.
A lumpectomy procedure is minimally invasive, as the lump can usually be removed through a small incision. Because it involves the removal of only a small amount of tissue, a lumpectomy is considered a breast-preserving surgery, as opposed to a mastectomy, which removes all or a portion of the breast and is often followed by reconstructive breast surgery.
Sometimes, you can go home on the same day after this procedure. In other instances, the physician will observe the patient overnight. Once the tissue has been removed, it will be sent to the pathology department for evaluation.
If the tumor is cancerous, a multi-disciplinary team that may include the primary care physician, medical and radiation oncologists, surgeons, radiologists, nurse navigators and other related specialists, takes a prospective view of patient cases prior to recommending treatment options. Together, the team will review the patient’s history and pathology and reach a consensus regarding what is ultimately the best treatment plan for a patient. In most cases, it is recommended that the patient consult with medical and radiation oncologists to discuss further treatment plans.