Measles Resource Center

Measles Resource CenterAs many people know, there is currently a multi-state measles outbreak. Please know that Meridian Health is taking the necessary steps to ensure that it is well prepared to respond to this threat with the safety of patients, guests, team members and physicians our priority.

 

What is Measles?

Measles, also known as rubeola, is a respiratory disease caused by the measles virus. Measles causes fever, runny nose, and cough, followed by a whole body rash. A sign of early measles is the eruption of "Koplik spots" which are tiny white spots on the inside of the mouth, followed by a rash on the head, neck and full body.

Complications of measles include ear infections, pneumonia, and rarely encephalitis. Measles spreads through the air by breathing, coughing or sneezing.  Persons infected with measles are infectious four days before rash onset through four days after rash onset. It is highly contagious to anyone who is not immune to the virus. 

 

Signs and symptoms include:

  • High fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Red, watery eyes (conjunctivitis).
  • Two or three days after symptoms begin, tiny white spots may appear inside the mouth.
  • Three to five days after symptoms begin, a rash breaks out. It usually begins as flat red spots that appear on the face at the hairline and spread downward to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet. Small raised bumps may also appear on top of the flat red spots. The spots may become joined together as they spread from the head to the rest of the body. When the rash appears, a person’s fever may spike to more than 104° Fahrenheit. 

Special Precautions

If you suspect that you or a loved one may have measles, you should first call your physician or pediatrician

Measles is highly contagious to anyone who is not immune to the virus (such as babies or individuals whose immunity is already compromised by medical conditions), so showing up at a doctor’s office or hospital without proper precautions could put others at risk. Contact your medical professional for advice, and then follow their instructions.

 

Resources and Information

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) offers the most up-to-date information about measles on their Web site, http://www.cdc.gov/measles/. The site provides robust resources for community members and health care providers, breaking news, and printable materials. It is a trusted source on this important health topic.

 

CDC Guidance

Frequently Asked Questions about Measles in the U.S.

http://www.cdc.gov/measles/about/faqs.html
 

Signs and Symptoms of Measles

http://www.cdc.gov/measles/about/signs-symptoms.html
 

Measles: Make Sure Your Child is Fully Immunized

http://www.cdc.gov/features/measles/